without GMAG/Gender Strategy to establish GMAG and prepare gender
strategy and action plan. Ministry of Information, MRD, and MOH
have finalized their gender strategy. MoC, MIME, MOWRAM and SCS are
in the process of finalizing their gender strategy. The following
ministries do not yet have a Gender Mainstreaming Action Group in
place: MoFA, Ministiry of Tourism, MOE, Council of Minister,
Ministry of Social Affairs and Veteran and Rehabilitation. The
reason, as reported by TWG, was that theconsultation process has
taken a long time, and in other cases the data collection has taken
a long time. The TWG suggested that strong commitment from senior
management of line ministries is necessary for the development of a
gender strategy and for its implementation, in particular for the
human resources and financial implications.
Support and monitor implementation of gender strategy/action
plan in line ministries that have GMAG and plan in place. The
MOH has an action plan in place for its gender strategy.
Monitor Implementation of Gender Budgeting. WB Project on
Gender Budgeting was completed, and it will be continued by PGE/UNDP.
During the last semester the World Bank project conducted three
research assignments: (i) Gender Assessment of the Cambodian Civil
Service; (ii) Making motherhood safer: A Gender Sensitive Appraisal
of Service Delivery and Budget Allocations for Maternal Health Care;
(iii) Where did all the day cares go? A gender analysis of Child
Care Practice, Time, Poverty and Employment choices for poor Women.
The findings of these research assignments are currently in the
process of being discussed and reviewed by the various stakeholders.
MoWA decided to publish two reports: (i) Integrating Gender into the
Appraisal of the effectiveness of service delivery for infant and
maternal health care; and (ii) Day Care, Labour and Gendered
Employment Barriers. a National Consultant is being engaged by MoWA
to update these two reports. CAR did not recommend to publish a
research on "Gender Parity Gaps in the Civil Service".
Monitor and support implementation of NSDP including development
of genderresponsive sector wide plans. The NSDP was approved by
the National Assembly in June 2006, and the MoP launched it on 15
August 2006. MoP included a representative of MoWA into the Working
Group and Core Group for monitoring the implementation of the NSDP.
MoWA has already developed its annual plan, aligned with the NSDP
Support adaptation of Organic Laws that are gender responsive and
include development of gender budgeting. MOWA has established a
team on Gender Mainstreaming in the Organic Law. The team had
several meetings to discuss the priorities and the key entry points
to integrate gender issues in organic law for the management of the
sub-national level. The MoI is still working on the preliminary
draft of the Organic Law(s) and has not yet distributed the draft
for comments. MOWA requests the early circulation of the draft of
the organic law(s).
Gender Mainstreaming (GM) Strategy in D&D. Key points for the
development of a Gender Mainstreaming Strategy in D&D have been
drafted. The National Program to support D&D has not yet been
developed; the gender mainstreaming strategy will be developed in
line with the National Program to support D&D.
Capacity Building for use of GM methods and tools at sub-national
level (gender awareness, gender analysis, gender-based M&E,
advocacy, leadership). The Provincial Gender Assessment has been
published with support from UNDP/PGE, World Bank, UNICEF/Seth Koma,
Seila/PLG and UNFPA. Seila/PLG and MoWA are in the process of
developing of Gender Based M&E Framework and training manual for the
MoWA, with support from UNFPA will be developing gender analysis
training manual and tools. A Gender Assessment of Kampong Cham
province was completed (English and Khmer versions) in collaboration
between Seila/MoWA and PGM/JICA, engaging a consulting company. It
is due for publication soon.
GM in planning and budgeting cycle in 24 provinces. MoWA has
developed a guideline for integrating gender issues in the
Provincial Planning and Budgeting Cycle. A consultation workshop
with directors and gender focal points of PDWA from all 24 provinces
on the utilization of this guideline has taken place.
Strengthen the capacity of women and children focal points (WCFP)
and female Commune Councilors. ToT and "cascade" training on
organizing Forum for female Councilor and Women and Children Focal
Points in all 24 provinces has been taken place. The District Focal
Points have now also run their first Forum in September and are
organizing a second forum and a third annual review forum for
commune councils. The selected WCFPs of Kampong Cham Province were
trained in implementing sector-based gender responsive activities at
commune level in collaboration with PDWA/MoWA with support from PGM/JICA.
Inter ministerial approach to strengthening capacity for gender
issues in D&D process. MOWA is carrying out awareness-raising
campaign on the importance of women's participation among the
selection committee members.
Media campaign focused on women to encourage their participation
(as candidates, voters, etc.). MoWA, with support from UNFPA and
UNDP, has initiated work with NGO’s to promote women candidates in
commune elections through Public Fora in a number of provinces. MOWA,
with support from UNDP, UNFPA, and UNIFEM, is in the process of
commissioning a study for the development of a National Gender
Advocacy with political parties to promote selection of women as
candidates. MoWA have met with political parties (individuals
and in groups) to discuss the importance and the inclusion of
women's participation in commune councils. NCSC has issued
guidelines for the appointment of village representatives
emphasizing at least one woman for every three persons appointed.
Targeted training for female candidates for commune elections.
MOWA, with support from UNDP and UNFPA, is currently initiating work
with NGO’s to provide training services for female candidates for
the commune elections.
Women’s Development Centers (WDC). Upgrade and/or construct
new facilities; develop/strengthen programming. The design and
construction of a new center in Siem Reap has been initiated. A bid
document has been prepared with support from ADB. A WDC monitoring
and reporting system has been designed. (i) An Economic profile is
being developed for Siem Reap and Kampong Chhnang provinces; (ii)
Training is being conducted on Gender and Enterprise Development to
MoWA staff and WDC in Kampong Chhnang provinces; (iii) Capacity
Building of MoWA staff, provincial department of Women's Affairs and
WDC in Siem Reap and Kampong Chhnang provinces is ongoing.
Other entry points. Establish/strengthen multiple entry
points (including WDC) to support women’s income-generation
activities. ADB is supporting Micro and Small Enterprises
Development, identifying market-oriented skills training needs in
each location. The Center in Kampong Cham has been renovated.
Assessment tools have been designed, the program team trained in the
use of tools, and data collection and analysis of information in
Kampong Chhnange is ongoing. PGM/MoWA & JICA have been implementing
gender responsive projects related to economic empowerment in
Kampong Cham province since July 2006, as part of capacity building
for gender mainstreaming, involving MAFF, MRD, MLVT,MIME and MOC.
Garment Industry Productivity Center (Productivity/management
training for garment workers). MoWA participated in various
workshops organized by ILO on Gender and Garment Industry.
Social security system for private sector workers, with
particular attention to garment workers. Currently there is no
information from ILO.
Awareness raising and training activities to address domestic
violence and other forms of violence against women. (i) MoWA had
been invited by MoI to train focal points; the focal point will
train commune/sangkat counselors in all provinces; (ii) GTZ has made
and prepared materials for dissemination including books, leaflets,
in the purpose of training civil servants of provincial–municipality
departments of Women's Affairs; (iii) GTZ has been cooperating with
the department of legal protection in order to enforce the law on
domestic violence effectively; (iv) Provincial Facilitator Team (PFT)
and District Facilitators Team (DFT) in 24 provinces received
training on Principle of prevention of domestic violence; (v) PFT &
DFT provided echo-training to their communes. MoWA and GTZ will
select 50% of existing lawyers for a course of DV, and GTZ is
preparing training materials to use in the implementation. The
Department of legal protection is preparing leaflets and DV
Media campaign-newsletters, pamphlet, radio, TV (this is
related to DV laws). 6 Radio Programmes on DV by MWA are being
produced but have not been broadcasted yet. IEC materials have been
produced and distributed to stakeholders at national and
Monitor collection of statistics on violence against women for
policy making and M&E. Baseline surveys on attitudes towards
violence against women have been finalized by GTZ, UNIFEM and East
West Management Institute. The findings were presented on 3 May
2006. UNIFEM has launched this document with NGOs on June 7th 2006.
Support adoption and Implementation of Anti Trafficking Law.
The UN Protocol on Prevention, intervention and Punishment of Human
Trafficking especially Women and Children which was added to the UN
convention against Transnational Organized Crime was ratified by the
National Assembly on November 25, 2005 and Consultation on the draft
of the Anti Trafficking law with MoJ was held on December 2 prior to
COM. Draft of the Antitrafficking law is being discussed further on
the definition of Trafficking at the TWG on legal and justice system
reform, Ministry of Justice. GDCC should encourage the TWG on
legal and Judicial Reform to consider this law as their priority
because it is one of the JMI under their responsibility.
Promote and support development of gender responsive
migration policy to recognize and protect rights of migrant workers.
A national committee for Women's Migration is formed and has
recently been renamed the Inter-ministerial Task force on Migration.
The task force will meet for the first time in October 2006. The ToR
has been approved by MoWA and MoLVT.
Review, assess and monitor 2005 CDHS results. The release of
CDHS findings has been delayed. Preliminary results of CDHS 2005
were only recently released (September, 2006).
Develop, implement and monitor prevention plans based on priority
issues identified in CDHS, eg HIV/AIDS, reproductive health,
nutrition, child health, infant mortality, etc. The TWG reported
that no Information from MoH.
Teacher recruitment/priority for female candidates. Teachers
will be recruited in October 2006.
Capacity building on management and advocacy training for model
female teachers, schools directors and deputy directors.
Director and Deputy Director of department, provincial, district
office of education received training on technical, administration,
gender awareness, gender mainstreaming, gender indicators, advocacy
and relationship school and community. These trainings have been
completed. These trainings have been provided by TWG on Gender of
the MoEYS with support from UNICEF.
Dormitories for girls. Three dormitories are being
constructed in Phnom Penh near Chatomuk School organized by MoEYS.
MoEYS and MoWA signed MoU on construction of two Dormitories for
girls in Siem Reap and Preah Vihea province which will be supported
Develop Gender Terminology and Translation (JMI). JICA
engaged a local institution for development of Gender Terminology
manual. The latest draft of Gender Terminology manual, includes a
list of 55 common gender terms, is finalized and has been shared
with stakeholders for comments in September, 2006. A Gender
Terminology Committee was established in November, 2005. Several
consultation meetings took place between MOWA and development
partners since May 2006.
Audit of gender training programs and strengthen based on
results (JMI). lack of human resources and time limited.
Assist GMAGs to develop GMAPs.
Maintain and update Gender Resource Mobilization Matrix (JMI).
Updated Gender Resource Mobilization Matrix is developed by TWGG and
MoWA in February, 2006.
Promote/support naming of Gender Focal Points (GFP) in all TWG
(Joint Missions). TWGG meeting has encouraged the Gender Focal
Points in the line Ministries to participate in other TWGs meeting,
including the TWG on Gender. Other TWGs should encourage their
representatives to attend the TWG on Gender. Representatives of the
TWG on Gender should participate in all other TWGs.